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35K57 Partial differential equations -- Parabolic equations and systems -- Reaction-diffusion equations

60J68 Probability theory and stochastic processes -- Markov processes -- Superprocesses

60F17 Probability theory and stochastic processes -- Limit theorems -- Functional limit theorems; invariance principles

92D15 Biology and other natural sciences -- Genetics and population dynamics -- Problems related to evolution

92D40 Biology and other natural sciences -- Genetics and population dynamics -- Ecology En-ligne: Résumé

Location | Call Number | Status | Date Due |
---|---|---|---|

Couloir | 09378-01 / Séries SMF 349 (Browse Shelf) | Available |

Bibliogr. p. 111-113

We consider particle systems that are perturbations of the voter model and show that when space and time are rescaled the system converges to a solution of a reaction diffusion equation in dimensions d 3. Combining this result with properties of the P.D.E., some methods arising from a low density super-Brownian limit theorem, and a block construction, we give general, and often asymptotically sharp, conditions for the existence of non-trivial stationary distributions, and for extinction of one type. As applications, we describe the phase diagrams of four systems when the parameters are close to the voter model: (i) a stochastic spatial Lotka-Volterra model of Neuhauser and Pacala, (ii) a model of the evolution of cooperation of Ohtsuki, Hauert, Lieberman, and Nowak, (iii) a continuous time version of the non-linear voter model of Molofsky, Durrett, Dushoff, Griffeath, and Levin, (iv) a voter model in which opinion changes are followed by an exponentially distributed latent period during which voters will not change again. The first application confirms a conjecture of Cox and Perkins [8] and the second confirms a conjecture of Ohtsuki et al.[34] in the context of certain infinite graphs. An important feature of our general results is that they do not require the process to be attractive. (Source : SMF)

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